Venturepark Labs supports early-stage entrepreneurs in the food and wellness categories.
Ontario is home to thousands of manufacturers and to hundreds of publicly-funded and non-profit organizations that support the province’s manufacturing ecosystem. This directory provides information about more than 200 of these organizations. Many of these organizations are affiliated with Ontario universities, colleges, hospitals, and incubators. Each entry includes an overview of the ecosystem partner, its area(s) of expertise, the service(s) it provides, and its contact information. The directory can be sorted by services offered, industry, location, and type of parent organization. These partners allow researchers, students, and industry professionals to collaborate in pursuit of innovative solutions to today's manufacturing challenges. If your non-profit or publicly-funded organization supports Ontario’s advanced manufacturing ecosystem and should be added to our directory, please contact us at email@example.com.
Venturepark Labs supports early-stage entrepreneurs in the food and wellness categories.
The ERC enables leading-edge research in clean and green energies and technologies
The SUNLAB focuses on high performance solar energy, optoelectronics, and photonics devices.
The Northern Ontario Farm Innovation Alliance (NOFIA) is a non-profit organization designed to provide a research and innovation infrastructure for agriculture in Northern Ontario.
SBEC provides support to start-up and existing small business enterprises during their development, retention, and operation.
NII provides a platform to accelerate innovation and the implementation of business-relevant solutions for the nuclear industry.
The CSM de-risks and demystifies new mining technologies by facilitating technology adoption in the mining sector.
The BPRC supports SME partners bio-industrial industry partners through access to expertise and state of the art facilities
MTIC supports research initiatives that strengthen the innovation of existing and emerging medical technologies
WIMTACH serves as a contributor to the growing ecosystem of digital health innovation
Velocity equips and guides founders to build companies that scale at the earliest stages of business building.
Bioenterprise is a national and global network that strengthen the Canadian agri-tech and food industry.
FIRSt integrates an expert food science applied research, recipe, and product development team with cutting-edge research laboratories, test kitchens, and equipment.
MEDIC is nationally recognized as Canada’s Digital Health Technology Access Centre
FPSC develops training programs and products to meet the needs of food and beverage manufacturers.
The CAWT provides applied research and technology development services to the private sector, government and non-governmental agencies, and universities.
CRANIA accelerates neuromodulation research to patient solutions that improve brain health and function.
FIBRE is an academic research platform in the field of textile-based technologies.
YEDI is a charitable organization, business accelerator, and academic institute
KITE specializes in complex rehabilitation science and is dedicated to improving the lives of people living with the effects of disability, illness and aging.
The MCSCE emphasizes the importance of investment in technology, knowledge creation, and organizational culture to improve operational effectiveness.
The Ford Centre for Excellence in Manufacturing delivers high-quality training in the engineering and manufacturing technology industry.
The Northern Innovation Hub conducts innovative product, process, and service prototyping and testing that enhances industry competitiveness
ELLA is Ontario's first accelerator focused on supporting women-led product and service-based businesses.
TechPlace functions as a base camp for technology, talent, and ideation for tech companies.
CRAFT aims to strengthen the entire supply chain of microfluidic device manufacturing
ICUBE UTM is an early-stage startup accelerator that supports students and local entrepreneurs seeking coworking spaces, resources, programs, workshops and events.
The Hub at UTSC assists with startup development, including initial ideation, the first stages of revenue generation, and angel investment.
The Fashion Zone provides growth and funding opportunities that ignite and inspire fashion innovation
The SDZ allows people to take evidence-based approaches to test big ideas and discover new ventures.
The Innovation Studio has prototyping space with tools & equipment for fashion, design fabrication and media work
Toronto Metropolitan University's DFZ D+TL supports entrepreneurial creative research + scholarship
The DFZ Open Space allows members to develop, create, fabricate, assemble and test multimedia projects.
The Catalyst supports Canadian companies in seizing the opportunities and tackling the challenges of cybersecurity.
Innovation York facilitates and maximizes the commercial, economic, and social impacts of research and innovation while creating a culture of engaged scholarship and experiential learning.
A crown jewel within FCA Global Engineering, ARDC has a direct role in product design and engineering of nearly every product in the company’s portfolio.
Provides expertise and facilities to support Canadian companies with their operational challenges, with a particular focus on energy and resource management.
The AMIC provides designers and manufacturers with a collaborative applied research environment
Downsview Aerospace Innovation & Research (DAIR) aims to revolutionize the collaboration environment by catalyzing innovation in aerospace.
SONAMI is a Niagara College-led network of colleges and one university
The Forge works hands-on with entrepreneurs to develop their business ideas from ideation and validation to growth.
BIC is a business accelerator focused on converting renewable resources into value-added bioenergy, biofuel, biochemicals, and biomaterials.
OCI is funded by the Government of Ontario and works in partnership with government, industry and academia
WEtech Alliance supports accelerating innovation and tech-based companies in Windsor-Essex and Chatham-Kent.
The Clean Energy Zone is an incubator focused on clean, sustainable energy innovations
Western Space aims to strengthen and grow the Canadian Earth and space exploration communities
The Donnelly Centre examines the basic biology of living organisms, generating new knowledge that can be harnessed for novel insights into human health and disease.
The formal regional cluster organization for the life sciences ecosystem in the greater Hamilton region.
UTEV focuses on next-generation EV technologies.
SCETA is a unique Work Integrated Learning Program (WILP) that educates post-secondary students on Industry 4.0 concepts
The NRC-University of Toronto Collaboration Centre aims to reduce the environmental impacts of the transformation, transmission and storage of energy.
We Build a Dream is dedicated to diversity and inclusion initiatives that bridge the gap between young women and opportunities in areas like the skilled trades, STEM, and entrepreneurship.
GreenCentre Canada supports the growth of chemical and materials start-ups, small-and-medium enterprises (SMEs), and multinationals
CERL aims to develop tangible technological and innovative solutions for sustainable energy applications
The AcDC is a biotechnology hub for startup companies and scientists collaborating with Donnelly Centre investigators.
TRAC is a technology platform for the generation of high-quality synthetic antibodies and other proteins for research and medicine.
The DMSC provides tailor-made services for characterization and quantification of proteins (proteomics) and small molecules (metabolomics).
The DSC is a full-service Illumina CSPro Next-Generation Sequencing facility.
The Bombardier Centre for Aerospace and Aviation is a 138,000 square-foot instruction and research space.
RIADI connects bright engineering students to leading Canadian aerospace companies.
NGen is one of five national networks supported by Canada's ambitious Innovation Superclusters Initiative.
A consulting and research laboratory specializing in the analysis and characterization of surfaces and materials.
Canada's premier nuclear science and technology organization, and a world-leader in developing nuclear technology for peaceful an innovative applications
CFWI Innovation Centre offers a full suite of services to support industry innovation and the commercialization of new products and processes.
WatCAR conducts advanced research to further automotive innovation and competitiveness.
The Invest WindsorEssex VR CAVE is an immersive and active virtual reality environment, integrated with state-of-the-art hardware and software
Ontario’s flagship initiative on automotive and smart mobility technologies
Communitech is a public-private innovation hub that supports a community of more than 1,600 companies.
The overall aim of LaunchPad Brantford is to support the growth of entrepreneurs and to teach life-long skills to those connected to Laurier Brantford
CRIBE has been the leading forest-based bio-economy driver in Ontario since 2009.
CMI's mandate is to use applied research to generate innovative solutions to healthcare problems.
OVIN Demo Zone promotes a customer-centered and demand-driven approach to the commercialization of innovation in Ontario and provides Ontario-based companies with a competitive development option
Haltech is at the nexus of Halton Region’s innovation ecosystem, working with technology companies to accelerate innovation for business growth.
CDL offers entrepreneurs mentorship from select entrepreneurs and angel investors, opportunities to raise capital
A not-for-profit organization that functions as a catalyst for economic development and diversification in the science and technology sectors in the Sault Ste. Marie and Algoma region.
The Peter B. Moore Advanced Technology Centre is an academic and research facility.
CAR's research is focused in the following divisions: connectivity, lightweighting, powertrain, software, structure, and chemical research.
LUCAS embodies an amalgamation of 13 semi-autonomous laboratories each with its own unique focus and quality control requirements.
The Biomedical Zone is a physician-led, hospital-based health technology incubator
DFZ is an interdisciplinary hub for design and fabrication that strategically propels early-stage ideas for inventions
The Stratford Perth Centre for Business contributes to investStratford's goals of digital infrastructure and smart technologies
IBZ is a user-centric technology incubator that helps startups to solve real customer problems using technology
CUE combines engineering, science, environmental issues and infrastructure management to tackle immediate challenges
iBEST advances collaborative health research and development, and drives innovation through the widespread dissemination of research discoveries
FX fosters collaboration between fashion educators, industry partners, community organizations, and fashion graduates
CEIE convenes faculty, business mentors, and customers to pursue entrepreneurial endeavours and technology ventures.
RCIM contributes to research in the areas of Microelectronics and Microeletromechanical systems
CanmetENERGY accelerates the advancement of clean energy technologies, from the initial research stage through to commercialization.
CRI works with small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to accelerate new product development
CARIB was designed to accelerate new product development, encourage knowledge sharing and technology transfer in the food sector
Innovate Niagara is a Regional Innovation Centre that supports the growth of innovative entrepreneurs and companies from various industries.
CENGN's mission is to accelerate the growth of the Canadian Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector
Loyalist College’s Centre for Natural Products and Medical Cannabis is an innovation hub helping industry collaborate with academia to transform the results of research into high-quality, consistent, and safe products.
CanmetMATERIALS is the largest research centre in Canada dedicated to fabricating, processing and evaluating metals and materials
SEARC works with companies to solve unique electrical, mechanical and energy systems engineering problems
MIRARCO is a not-for-profit that develops innovative technologies, applied solutions, and highly qualified individuals in support of a safe, productive, and sustainable global mining industry
CAMIIT is a multipurpose research centre for both industrial and academic research projects.
Innovation Initiatives Ontario North (IION) is a Regional Innovation Centre
ENCQOR focuses on giving SMEs, researchers, and academia access to state-of-the-art 5G infrastructure and technology.
Link North is a bilingual Regional Innovation Centre that supports innovative entrepreneurs and SMEs
The AI Hub offers expertise and access to industry-leading, domain-specific AI platforms
The Innovation Cluster provides support to start-up technology companies to help take innovative ideas and processes to market
The BRC free business advice with expert advisors who have hands-on business experience.
Altitude Accelerator is an innovation hub and business incubator for Brampton, Mississauga, Caledon, and other communities in Southern Ontario.
Launch Lab is a Regional Innovation Centre and member of the Ontario Business Support Network
Enterprise Renfrew County (ERC) is a Canada Business Ontario (CBO) regional access site.
SOAR acts as a catalyst for all aspects of the entrepreneurial system, connecting startups with the tools and connections needed for success.
The MRC Studio offers organizations access to technical expertise, a state-of-the-art motion capture stage with virtual reality tracking equipment, a green screen (compositing) space, and student talent
Autonomous Vehicle Applied Research (AVAR) is an applied research initiative focused on supporting innovative companies within the emerging autonomous vehicle sector.
The Centre for Cybersecurity Innovation prioritizes research regarding the protection of networks and systems connected to the internet
Spark Centre is a Regional Innovation Centre and business incubator that provides advisory services
MaRS is North America's largest urban innovation hub, simultaneously functioning as a launchpad for startups and a platform for researchers
The Elgin Innovation Centre offers manufacturing/industrial, warehouses, and office space to meet the needs of growing businesses or start-ups
Innovation Guelph is a Regional Innovation Centre which offers unique programs and initiatives
TechAlliance is the Regional Innovation Centre for London and surrounding areas.
UTTRI's faculty and researchers specialize in systems analysis and policy evaluation and are leaders in building and applying cutting-edge computer simulation models
CAN is a regional nuclear research centre used for understanding the behaviour of nuclear materials, thermal-hydraulics systems, and health physics dose-response investigation.
Enterprise Brant is committed to assisting and encouraging job creation and community economic development throughout Brant County
Home to the largest and most diversified robotics research program in Canada.
Niagara College's Business & Commercialization team offers a full suite of solutions to assist industry partners
The CCBI offers access to expertise, state-of-the-art technology, and micro-analytical services
NOIC contributes to long-term economic growth for Thunder Bay and the Northwestern Ontario region
AIS Group pioneers the development of advanced technologies for controls, perception systems, modelling, and automation
CUTRIC develops low-cost simulation tools that help transit agencies across North America.
Harrow RDC is the largest greenhouse research complex facility in North America.
AST offers the expertise and key infrastructure needed to prosper into this new era of smart mobility and advanced manufacturing
BDDC conducts leading-edge research to develop greener bioproducts to substitute non-renewable materials
The STTARR Innovation Centre provides state-of-the-art imaging technology for cellular studies
CAMBR brings together more than 50 research groups to tackle key materials challenges
The Advanced Biomanufacturing Centre pursues new methods to manufacture medicinally important compounds
Canada’s largest co-located, multidisciplinary catalysis research centre.
QFIR is a full-service analytical laboratory, teaching facility, and state-of-the-art research centre
OCCAM allows researchers ready access to state-of-the-art surface analytical equipment and electron microscopic techniques
The Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research develops, supports, and coordinates all materials research-related activities.
CIAMP is dedicated to bridging science to technology and providing solutions to enable its partners' success on their foaming technology.
CACT is dedicated to both fundamental and applied research in the areas of industrial coatings application and plasma processing.
The ICRC focuses on applied research spanning the entire value chain of the polymer composites market
CAPPA-D is involved in research, education, and technology transfer regarding polymer processing and rheology.
ABiL focuses on innovative polymer biomaterials for regenerative medicine and drug delivery.
BCTI builds on Humber College's expertise in automation, robotics, systems integration
TSMART's research includes the fabrication of smart functional materials and composites
Specializes in biomass and waste conversion, fluid-coking technologies
CRG conducts research about high-performance lightweight composite materials and structures
G2N is a unique on-campus microfabrication facility offering a wide range of capabilities for processing electronic materials and devices
TNFC offers global research leadership by providing access to state-of-the-art nanofabrication facilities
CCEM provides world-class electron microscopy capabilities and expertise to Canadian researchers and industry.
CEDT facilitates the study of the optical, electrical, mechanical, and biological properties.
AMNL’s research ranges from fundamental science to applied technologies and solutions
CBBP encourages sustainable growth by developing circular economy methods
WISE conducts original research and develops innovative solutions to help transform the energy system for long-term sustainability.
MIES conducts research on the development of sustainable energy practices and technologies.
Dedicated to the research, development, and commercialization of groundbreaking technologies
The Centre specializes in food safety, quality, and nutrition.
Established to develop new and innovative technologies for materials joining.
The Pulp & Paper Centre facilitates partnerships between the University of Toronto and the pulp and paper industry
A high-throughput genomics facility within the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI).
NFK provides researchers with access to leading-edge equipment, and expertise for designing and prototyping microsystems and nanotechnologies.
The Waterloo Forming and Crash Lab researches how to improve automotive safety through advanced manufacturing.
The Institute implements high-throughput research pipelines to investigate the nature of the biological/material interface.
The Group is focused on the development and characterization of innovative nanoparticles
The Hatton Lab develops novel surface nano- and microstructures to influence the surface properties of materials
The McMaster SRC’s research program is designed by its member companies
A nexus for research to optimize human performance in the workplace.
BioZone is within the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering.
CEPEM was established in response to a call from Hamilton Health Sciences (HHS) to start local manufacturing of face masks and face shields due to the anticipated supply chain breakdown in March of 2020 caused by COVID-19.
Leverages the strong regional concentration of photonics and technology companies
Builds healthy, active partnerships between researchers and corporations through collaborative projects and networking events.
Located in the McMaster Automotive Resource Centre (MARC)
One of the world’s largest vehicle control laboratories and a pioneer in developing holistic vehicle control systems.
Focused on enabling a radically new approach to non-invasive medical procedures, micro-factories, and new scientific tools.
A collaboration between the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Rural Affairs and the University of Guelph.
A partnership between the Agricultural Research Institute of Ontario, OMAFRA, the University of Guelph and the Ontario dairy industry.
Provides world-class engineering and manufacturing services, commercial-grade prototyping, and pilot-run production facilities.
Collaborates with Canadian and international research labs, industry and academia to build the emerging technology platforms that will sustain Canada's industrial competitiveness well into the future.
A central hub for innovative research in topics ranging from Smart Grid Systems to Energy Harvesting.
CIARS provides researchers in Canada and around the world with an inspiring exploration and development environment
CIRFE’s mission is three-fold. Firstly, CIRFE aims to be a premier source of innovation, creativity and expertise in RF engineering.
Aims to develop, validate, and promote non-animal, human biology-based platforms in biomedical research, education, and chemical safety testing.
The Clean Combustion Engine Lab has focused on fundamental clean diesel research activities in combustion, diagnostics, and modeling with the support from governments.
FDRI conducts basic and applied research, and provides a broad training for graduate students, in all aspects of fluid dynamics and heat transfer.
CAT-B contributes to the biotechnology sector and accelerates innovation
PCL conducts research on design, modeling, and control of precision motion delivery systems.
EmRG works to realize the next generation of hardware for ultra-broadband, hyper-connectivity.
A partnership between Queen's University and Kingston Health Sciences Centre (KHSC) and serves as a point of collaboration between the disciplines of medicine, engineering, health sciences, and computer science.
CADIPT conducts research on developing unique diagnostic capabilities with diffusion and photoacoustic waves
The CHE was established in 2008 to bridge academic research in engineering with healthcare practice.
The Laboratory for Fatigue and Stress analysis (FATSLAB) is a laboratory in the University of Waterloo's Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering.
The Green and Intelligent Automotive (GAIA) Research Facility is a division of the Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research (WatCAR).
The research lab is equipped with state-of-the-art tools to test and experiment with IoT applications and systems at both the hardware and software levels.
Niagara College’s Agriculture & Environmental Technologies Innovation Centre team works with private and public sector partners to develop innovative solutions.
The TMRC conducts fundamental and applied research on friction, wear, and lubrication of advanced engineering materials, composites, and surface coatings.
Canada's premier research and innovation park supporting startups, businesses, research and offering collaborative space to transform ideas from vision to commercial reality.
A business accelerator dedicated to helping Ontario-based businesses launch, scale, and succeed.
Provides research training and support regarding human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC).
The Advanced Micro/ Nano Device Lab aims to use its unique resources to perform world-class research in the field of micro/nanotechnology.
The lab focuses on the development of unique nanostructured materials for use in clean, sustainable energy technologies.
The Advanced Forest Bio-Materials Laboratory specializes in forest-based biomaterials science and composites, bio-based adhesives and adhesion, digital printing, and surface sciences of paper.
A multidisciplinary research community where engineering, medicine, and dentistry investigators collaborate to develop innovative solutions that address global challenges in human health.
ventureLAB supports tech entrepreneurs through programs focused on capital, talent, technology, and customers, to advance Canada’s economy on a local, national and global scale.
A technology accelerator/ network which exists to strengthen Canada's value chain within the advanced global market.
A multidisciplinary institute across the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering at the University of Toronto.
A not-for-profit organization that supports research in microsystems and nanotechnology.
A multipurpose and interdisciplinary environment for instructional and research-related manufacturing operations.
A partnership between McMaster University, the University of Waterloo and Western University that makes it easier for industry to access technical expertise and world-class capabilities.
An open-space concept laboratory and collaborative workspace.
A research laboratory at the University of Windsor’s Department of Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering (MAME).
The CEPI accelerates innovation in companies through an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to the rapid development of intelligent prototypes.
The MACC promotes and advances process automation and related process systems engineering technologies through academe-industry interactions.
The Motion Research Group specializes in dynamic simulation, model-based control, and system design optimization.
CARTE is a hub for collaborations and partnerships in analytics and artificial intelligence engineering.
An advanced research lab within the School of Engineering at the University of Guelph.
ACE is a growing world-class R&D facility hosted within the Ontario Tech University, and located on the university’s north campus in Oshawa, Ontario.
A pillar of Canada's aerospace industry, with a track record of successful collaborations with Canadian and international organizations.
The Centre for Research in Sustainable Aviation combines traditional education with research projects and industrial partnerships.
A University of Toronto initiative to expand and unify research and teaching activities related to the burgeoning field of aerial robotics.
The Autonomous Space Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory (ASRoM-Lab) is a graduate research laboratory.
AMG supports academic research and educational programs in the field of Additive Manufacturing (AM) with applications to various industries including aerospace, automotive, biomedical, and tool industries.
A collaboration between Ontario’s research-intensive post-secondary institutions and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) across the province.
oup aims to pool both resources and a wide diversity of knowledge and experience for the benefit of present and future computational researchers at the University of Toronto.
IQC is advancing the field of quantum information at the highest international level to discover and develop powerful new quantum technologies that will drive future economies.
The Centre for Applied Power Electronics (CAPE) is focused on research, design, and development (RD&D) thrusts of power electronic apparatus and controls for electric power system applications.
The Centre for Power and Information’s mission is to address pressing societal energy issues at an infrastructural level through fundamental research, industry collaboration, and education, both locally in Ontario and worldwide.
Silicon Hall is a scientific research laboratory which is part of the Ontario Tech University in Oshawa, Ontario.
The WindEEE RI was established in 2011 to promote novel opportunities in wind research.
The Institute of Food Processing Technology meets the needs of the food and beverage manufacturing industry by providing education, training, research, and technical expertise.
The CHARGE Lab conducts battery-to-powertrain-to-wheel research in an effort to promote creativity, collaboration, and practical know-how to enhance the EV research landscape.
WATMIMS conducts applied research specializing in the areas of supply chain management, logistics and manufacturing.
The Biorefining Research Institute (BRI) explores a wide range of topics to expand its Biorefining knowledge locally, nationally, and globally, while transferring new technologies to the growing Canadian bioindustry.
CPAMI collaborates with a number of industrial partners at the local and the provincial levels, and also cooperates with other centres at the University of Waterloo and at other universities.
CAMaR aims to bring together different sets of research skills leading to collective learning and innovation, thus addressing the challenge of creating new materials.
CCRM provides innovative contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) services to enable the development and commercialization of cell and gene therapies and regenerative medicine-based technologies.
A uniquely Canadian results-oriented organization dedicated to horticulture science and innovation.
Provides scientific and technical support to companies that need to validate their process, demonstrate compliance with regulations...
Provides research services to the rapidly evolving food industry while offering unique growth solutions for its clients.
The Ontario Agri-Food Venture Centre (OAFVC) offers "pay to play" production support to food entrepreneurs and farmers.
A global leader in discovering and developing smart and functional materials, connected devices, next-generation energy systems, and therapeutics and theranostics.
The Institute for Polymer Research conducts applied and fundamental research in areas that are of vital interest to the plastics, coatings adhesives, and elastomers industries.
The Centre for Microbial Chemical Biology provides easy access to the expertise and equipment necessary for chemical biology research.
Queen University’s Centre for Energy and Power Electronics Research (ePOWER) brings together academic and industrial partners to develop a broad range of applications and expertise in the field of power electronics.
The Centre provides streamlined expert services and advanced technologies to evaluate, develop and manufacture innovative viral and cell-based therapeutics.
ARL-MLS specializes in testing, simulation, and optimization of new material and structural designs in automotive, aerospace, nuclear, and biomedical applications.
The University of Toronto's Institute of Aerospace Studies (UTIAS) is engaged in research projects ranging from launching micro-satellites, jet engines, composite materials, and applied mathematics.
The FPC at Western develops, tests, validates and characterizes new lightweight materials and advanced manufacturing processes at industrial scale.
The Multi-Scale Additive Manufacturing Lab (MSAM) is one of the largest research and development additive manufacturing facilities in the world.
A state-of-the-art robotics research, testing, and training facility enabling innovative research on multi-robot and human-robot teams.
The IMS pursues leading-edge research in the field of manufacturing systems and related topics, from products design to manufacturing and the complete product lifecycle.
iCAMP promotes the growth and success of Canadian industry by providing direct, cost-effective access to the latest in advances manufacturing technology and expertise
The MMRI focuses on developing intelligent solutions to issues faced by Canada's manufacturers in all steps of machining processes.
The WAMIC team specializes in engineering design, 3D technologies, lean manufacturing processes, and additive manufacturing.
LMIC focuses on product and process development and improvement through innovative technical services
CAMDT links companies of all sizes to Sheridan College's advanced manufacturing expertise and equipment