History of Ontario Manufacturing

Part 11: Early Trade Agreements

September 19, 2017

The end of World War II brought significant, long-term international change. International institutions like the United Nations were formed to organize and order the global community. One such institution was the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), established in 1947, when 85 countries signed a multilateral agreement to eliminate any discriminatory tariffs. GATT was […]

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Part 10: Post-War Years and 1950/1960s Boom

September 18, 2017

After the Second World War ended in 1945, Ontario was in a solid economic position. Manufacturing had picked up, largely due the demand for war-time materials; now, the return of soldiers saw an increase in both young families and wages, sustaining the demand for manufactured goods. Canada had the important advantage of being an industrialized nation whose infrastructure was not significantly damaged during the war….

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Part 9: Second World War and the Beginnings of the Aerospace Industry

August 28, 2017

The Second World War, like the First, created demand for large-scale industrial production, and Ontario’s economy benefited immensely. The province’s major auto manufacturers were commissioned to produce tanks and armoured vehicles to be used on the front lines, and steel producers increased their output to accommodate demand…

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August 25, 2017

Despite the increase in many manufacturing sectors after World War I, one of Ontario’s most profitable sectors was in trouble. In the middle of the war, in 1916, the Ontario government had voted to ban the sale of alcohol in the province. Breweries such as London’s Labatt and Guelph’s Sleeman could no longer sell to Ontarians….

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Part 7: The Great War and Post-War Ontario

August 23, 2017

World War I saw the dramatic growth of Canada’s steel manufacturing, pulp and paper, shipbuilding, and nonferrous metals industries. Ontario was home to Canada’s major steel producers at the time; places like Hamilton and Sault Ste. Marie became known as steel centres, not just in Canada but on a global scale…

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Part 6: Growth of The Manufacturing Giants

August 22, 2017

As a result of the advantages that Canada offered, in 1904, Gordon M. McGregor established the Ford Motor Company of Canada (Ford Canada) in Windsor, Ontario (then called Walkerville), directly across the river from the company’s American home in Detroit…

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